When tying nymphs or other sinking fly patterns it is desirable to add weight in some form or another to help get the fly down in the water column as quickly as possible. This will increase its time in the strike zone and as a result, increase your fishing efficiency.
The most common way to add weight is to use a bead made out of either tungsten or brass depending upon how quick you want your fly to sink. However, one important thing to keep in mind when utilizing beads to weight your fly is to use the correct size (diameter) for the particular hook that you are using. This is important since it will maintain the proportions of your fly.
The table below is a quick reference guide showing how to choose the best fly tying bead based on hook size that you can print and keep at your fly tying bench. These are just general guidelines and can vary slightly based on the hook type you are using.
Table. Bead to hook size chart - Recommended hook and bead size combinations.
|Bead Size||Hook Size|
|1/16" (1.6 mm)||18-24|
|5/64" (2.0 mm)||16-18|
|3/32" (2.4 mm)||14-16|
|7/64" (2.8 mm)||12-16|
|1/8" (3.2 mm)||10-14|
|5/32" (4.0 mm)||6-10|
|3/16 (4.8 mm)||4-8|
Pro Tip: If more weight is needed, try incorporating two smaller beads with high density (tungsten beads) into your fly pattern instead of one single large bead. This will increase the weight but still keep the profile small. A good example is Charlie Craven's "Two Bit Hooker" as tied by Tim Cammisa in the video below.
Adding flash and vibration to flies is a proven way of attracting predatory fish. A great way of doing so is to spruce up your flies with wiggle tails. The life-like action of wiggle tails are hard for the fish to resist.
In this article you find an instructional video on how to attach wiggle tails to your flies using snaps for hooks and snaps for tails.
Just like many other game fish, northern pike will display seasonal patterns. These patterns are fairly universal and once you are aware of them allow you to more efficiently target structure and cover that are most likely to hold pike, whether it being spring, summer, fall or winter.
This guide will give you an overview seasonal northern pike patterns.
In this video Ben Pacheco from Rapax Fly Fishing shows you how to tie the Clouser Minnow.
Although a fairly simple pattern in terms of the number of materials used, the Clouser Minnow is a proven performer when it comes to bass fly fishing and is a must in every fly box.